Orphan Facts and Statistics
There are over 143 million orphans in the world today. - UNISEF123,000 new orphans registered in 2007
According to data from the Health and Social Development Ministry, more than 730,000 children in Russia either have no parents or have been abandoned by their parents. Of this number about 200,000 of them live in orphanages and boarding schools. In 2007, 123,000 new orphans were registered by the state with 120,000 of them being placed with extended family members, adopted or placed in foster homes. According to the state database, more than 160,000 children are waiting to be adopted. International adoptions have been hampered by recent legislation. As of March 2007, only 20 organizations had received accreditation from the government to oversee international adoptions. In 2007, 9,000 Russian children were adopted by foreign families. More than 4,000 of these went to the United States. Statistics cited from the article "Russian Orphans" By Svetlana Osadchuk in the May 19, 2008 edition of the Moscow Times. Russia's abandoned HIV children, 2006
Russia has one of the fastest growing AIDS epidemics in the world, with 100 new infections every day. Increasingly, women and their infants are being affected.
IBIS report on Birth Defects, 2006
UNICEF Report on Poverty and Abandonment of Children in Ukraine 2005
Mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Ukraine increased from 2% of total infections in 1997 to 13% in 2001. Many of these children are surrendered to the orphanage system.
“On the state of the children in the Russian Federation”, 2003
The CoMission for Children at Risk, 2002
European Children's Trust, 2000
Over forty million children in the former Soviet Union are living in "genuine poverty".
Human Rights Watch, 1998.
Orphans in Russia - of whom 95 percent still have a living parent - are exposed to shocking levels of cruelty and neglect. Infants classified as disabled are segregated into "lying-down" rooms, where they are changed and fed but are bereft of stimulation and lacking in medical care.
Of a total of more than 600,000 children classified as being "without parental care", as many as one-third reside in institutions, while the rest are placed with a variety of guardians. Thousands more are temporarily quartered in various public shelters and institutions under police jurisdiction simply waiting for an available space in an orphanage.
Thousands of children are abandoned to the state at a rate of 113,000 a year for the past two years, up dramatically from 67,286 in 1992. The evidence gathered reveals several systematic disadvantages imposed on young Russian orphans, which violate their fundamental rights to survival and development, and place them in a underclass.
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